Philippines Secures Montreal Protocol’s Assistance in the Phase Out of HCFCs in the Foam Sector
Vienna, 27 January 2011 -- The Philippines secured the approval of the 62nd Executive Committee of the Montreal Protocol for assistance in the implementation of the project entitled, “Sector plan to phase out HCFC-141b in the foam sector” (Foam Sector Plan).
A total amount of US$1,770,650.00 was granted for the project.
Under the coordination of the Philippines Ozone Desk of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, the project will be implemented with technical assistance from Japan and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).
The Foam Sector Plan is within the framework of the ongoing Philippines HCFC Phase-out Management Plan (HPMP).
In October 2009, the 59th Executive Committee of the Montreal Protocol approved UNIDO’s participation in the preparation for HCFC phase-out investment activities (foam sector) in the Philippines with funding assistance totaling US$70,000. The objective is to assist the Philippines in meeting its HCFC phase-out obligations to the Montreal Protocol.
Under the Philippines HPMP, the project Foam Sector Plan aims to phase out HCFC-141b used will be phased out by the end of 2012.
HCFC-141b is used in the Philippines in the solvent sector, foam sector and other sectors.
The present HCFC-141b technology utilized for the production of flexible foams will be converted to water technology, while that for rigid foams(for insulation purposes) will be converted to Cyclopentane (Hydrocarbons) or water blown technology, depending on enterprises’ size and present level of technology. Such technologies are not only ozone-friendly but generate a climate benefit since alternatives selected have a very low Global Warming Potential.
The phase out would represent by itself a substantive contribution to mitigate climate change by the Philippines and will allow the Philippines to comply with the 2013 and 2015 control levels of the Montreal Protocol.
The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone layer is an environmental agreement among 196 countries where members have committed to reduce and eventually eliminate their production and consumptions of ODS (ozone depleting substances) such as chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and hydro chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) which are both used as cooling agent as refrigerators and air-conditioners, blowing agent for foam, and as solvent. HCFC is also used as fire extinguishing agent. Both groups of chemicals are also greenhouse gases which contribute to eliminate climate change.
Parties to the Protocol have agreed to gradually reduce and eventually phase out their production and consumption of ODS, according to a phase out schedule.
The Montreal Protocol is considered as the most successful international agreement to date because it is the only one that is ratified by all 196 countries of the world. The Protocol has been responsible for the 100% phase out of CFC production and consumption in the world.
The Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol provides funds to help developing countries comply with their obligations under the Protocol to phase out the use of ODS at an agreed schedule.
Countries eligible for this assistance are those with an annual per capita consumption of ODS of less than 0.3 kg a year, as defined in Article 5 of the Protocol. They are referred to as Article 5 countries, which include the Philippines.
In September 2007, the Parties to the Montreal Protocol agreed to accelerate the phase-out of production and consumption of HCFCs, bringing the final phase-out forward by 10 years for Article 5 countries.